It affects people of any age, but is usually observed in women over 50 years old.
The exact etiology of the disease is not fully comprehended. However, it seems that genetic and immune system factors are involved in its development with the prevailing view being that it is due to a cellular immune response.
Lichen planus can occur in the mouth exhibiting a variety of growth patterns. Among them, the erosive, ulcerative and to a lesser extent the atrophic form causes the patient symptoms of burning, stinging or pain following intense thermal, chemical or mechanical stimuli.