The use of laser devices is widely documented in Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery, having unique advantageous properties.

Among their main advantages is the hemostatic action, contributing to the successful execution of complicated and lengthy operations, which are performed without bleeding. This is in contrast to the use of a scalpel which would lead to a relatively bloody environment or would limit the area of the operation. Consequently, when using laser, a clear optical field is maintained, ensuring the high quality and successful execution of the surgical procedure, without the need for hasty and relatively careless manipulations due to a possible bleeding. Following such a procedure, the development of the hematoma is very limited to non-existent, while the need to modify the use of any medication that may affect the blood coagulation becomes less urgent. An additional reason that laser treatment contributes to the increased quality of an operation is the presence of a pointer on the edge of the laser beam that facilitates the manipulation of the medical practitioner. The above reasons lead us to favor the use of the laser to perform relatively extensive operations, or if there is concern regarding the bleeding that may occur, for example in the removal of extensive areas of leukoplakia.

In addition to the hemostatic action, their bactericidal property is important, which we use in cases of sterilization, including the treatment of simple or special types of gingivitis as well as in cases where the reduction of the microbial load of a wound is required, especially in high-risk patients, e.g. diabetics or patients with valvular heart disease.

A major area of intensive research is low-level laser therapy that offers significant benefits in cases of mucositis of oncology patients, as well as in operations for the removal of impacted teeth, bone regeneration and autoimmune diseases. This method reduces postoperative pain and swelling and contributes to tissue stimulation, it possesses anti-inflammatory properties and modifies mechanisms of the immune system.

Frequently asked questions

Is leukoplakia removal with laser as effective as conventional scalpel surgery?

It is now established on the basis of studies that the results of laser application are just as effective as using a scalpel, showing similar rates of recurrence.

Will local anesthesia be needed during the operation?

At the relatively low intensity of the laser device, such as in low-level treatment applications, it is possible not to use anesthesia. However, in cases of removal and/or sublimation of lesions it is preferable to proceed with anesthesia to prevent any discomfort.

Am I going to have swelling and pain after the operation?

The properties of laser beams lead to reduced postoperative swelling and tissue bleeding. However, there will be some discomfort in the area of ​​the wound especially in cases where, due to its size, it remains open as the borders cannot be closed with stiches.